Marijuana (THC) (9-tetrahydrocannabinol) is the primary active ingredient in cannabinoids (marijuana). When ingested or smoked, it produces euphoric effects. Users have impairment of short-term memory and THC use slows learning. Also, it may cause transient episodes of confusion, anxiety, or even frank toxic delirium. Long term, relatively heavy use may be associated with behavioral disorders. The peak effect of smoking THC occurs in 20-30 minutes and the duration is 90-120 minutes after one cigarette. Elevated levels of urinary metabolites are found within hours of exposure and remain detectable from 7 to 65 days days depending on how often and how long you have smoked. The main metabolite excreted in the urine is 11-nor- 9-tetrahydrocannabinol-9-carboxylic acid.
Cocaine (COC), derived from the leaves of the coca plant, is a potent central nervous system stimulant and a local anesthetic. Cocaine induces euphoria, confidence and a sense of increased energy in the user; these psychological effects are accompanied by increased heart rate, dilation of the pupils, fever, tremors and sweating. Cocaine is used by smoking, intravenous, intranasal or oral administration, and excreted in the urine primarily as benzoylecgonine in a short time. Benzoylecgonine has a longer biological half-life (5-8 hours) than cocaine (0.5-1.5 hours) and can generally be detected for 2-5 days after cocaine use or exposure.
Amphetamines (AMP) is class of potent sympathomimetic agents with therapeutic applications. They are chemically related to the human body's natural catecholamine, epinephrine and norepinephrine. Acute higher doses lead to enhanced stimulation of the central nervous system and induce euphoria, alertness, reduced appetite, and a sense of increased energy and power. More acute responses produce anxiety, paranoia, hallucinations, and psychotic behavior. The effects of amphetamines generally last 2-4 hours following use, and can be detected 2 - 5 days after use. About 30% of amphetamines are excreted in the urine in unchanged form, with the remainder as hydroxylated and deaminated derivatives.
Methamphetamines (MET) is a potent sympathomimetic agent with therapeutic applications. The drug can be taken orally, injected, or inhaled. Acute higher doses lead to enhanced stimulation of the central nervous system and induce euphoria, alertness, reduced appetite, and a sense of increased energy and power. Cardiovascular responses to MET include increased blood pressure and cardiac arrhythmias. More acute responses include anxiety, paranoia, hallucinations, psychotic behavior, and eventually, depression and exhaustion. The effects of MET generally last 2-4 hours, and the drug has a half-life of 9-24 hours in the body. MET is excreted in the urine primarily as amphetamine and oxidized and deaminated derivatives. However, 10-20% of MET is excreted unchanged. Thus, the presence of the parent compound in the urine indicates MET use. MET is generally detectable in the urine for 3-5 days, depending on urine pH level.
Opioid analgesics (OPI) comprise a large group of substances, which control pain by depressing the central nervous system. Morphine is the prototype compound of this group. Morphine is excreted in the urine primarily as morphine-3-glucuronide while smaller amounts are excreted as unchanged free morphine and other metabolites. It is also the major metabolic product of codeine and heroin. Morphine is delectable in the urine for 5-7 days after an opiate dose.
Phencyclidine (PCP) commonly referred to as PCP or Angel's Dust,Hog, is classified as an hallucinogen when used by humans. Once used by veterinarians as an anesthetic and as a tranquilizer, Production was stopped due to a psychotic reaction in some people. It has been replaced with safer alternatives. Tenocyclidine (TCP) is chemically similar to PCP and is also an hallucinogen. All the PCP made today is done so Ilegally. PCP enters your blood stream and is deposited into the fat cells. Usually out of your system in 2 - 4 Days.
Benzodiazepines (BZO) are prescription sedatives normally in pill form. The most commonly abused are Xanax (Alprazolam) and Valium (Diazepam). Benzodiazepines are prescribed for anxiety and stress relief and as muscle relaxants. Rohypnol (Flunitrazepam), commonly referred to as Ruphies or the Date Rape Drug, is another Benzodiazepine, currently unavailable by prescription in the United States, but still sparsely available in the black market. Benzodiazepines enter your blood stream and are deposited into your fat cells. Depending on which one used they can be detected in the urine and blood for 7 - 10 days.
Nicotine (CON) is one of the most heavily used addictive drugs in the United States. Cigarette smoking has been the most popular method of taking nicotine since the beginning of the 20th century. The presence of nicotine in the body can be seen through the detection of cotinine, the major metabolite of nicotine in human urine and blood and can be detected 7-21 days depending on usage. In 1998, 60 million Americans were current cigarette smokers (28 percent of all Americans aged 12 and older), and 4.1 million were between the ages of 12 and 17 (18 percent of youth in this age bracket). In 1989, the U.S. Surgeon General issued a report that concluded that cigarettes and other forms of tobacco, such as cigars, pipe tobacco, and chewing tobacco, are addictive and that nicotine is the drug in tobacco that causes addiction. In addition, the report determined that smoking was a major cause of stroke and the third leading cause of death in the United States.